It was our last week in Italy. We spent it like the previous one in the central part of the country in the Umbria region. We had the opportunity to see its capital – Perugia and the towns of Spoleto and Gubbio, which delight with its historical achievements and above all architecture.
Perugia is one of the ancient twelve cities called the Etruscan League. Its location halfway between Rome and Milan contributed to the rapid development of the city, but also marked the stigma of many wars for dominance in this region important from the political and economic point of view. It is not surprising then, that Perugia was solidly fortified already during the reign of the Etruscans, and subsequent rulers increased their defense expenditures.
From the south, access to the city is guarded by Porta Romana, which is the gateway to the external security system. Within the city by many streets individual, smaller gates have survived to this day.
We are slowly approaching the main square of Perugia, Piazza IV Novembre.
We’re here. The main monument is here the huge Palazzo dei Priori.
In front of him in the middle of the square is the Fontana Maggiore.
We come to Piazza Giovanni Battista Rossi Scotti from the end of which offers a panoramic view of the northern part of Perugia. We look north-west.
We go down the stairs (visible on the previous photo) to the main northern gate of the ancient city. It is Arco Etrusco o di Augusto on which the old name of the city appears – Perusia.
More than a kilometer away is the last point of the outer ring of the fortifications – Cassero di Porta Sant’Angelo at Corso Giuseppe Garibaldi.
Coming back through Piazza IV Novembre we came across artistic shows. What exactly they concerned we do not know, but it was probably related to the celebration of a student holiday as evidenced by the large number of students on the streets of the city.
This time the view of the elongated southern part of the old town with St. Peter’s Basilica and Saint Miner Basilica of Saint Constantine. Perugia has a lot of great vantage points, such as this restaurant located on the top of the wall surrounding the city.
After Perugia we visited a much smaller, but equally charming Spoleto located about 50 km south-east. The patron of the promenade is of course one of the greatest heroes of the Italians – Giuseppe Garibaldi.
On the high Rocca Albornoziara there is a castle. It looks best at night from the road leading to Perugia and Foligno, because it is very illuminated from this side.
Ponte delle Torri leads from the castle to the defense tower. The high wall shielded the defenders of the castle from the attackers and also made them invisible to the attackers trying to gain a stronghold from the city.
From Via Gattaponi at the foot of the northern part of the castle walls we look at Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta.
It was raining in a moment so we were forced to stop sightseeing. The last photo from Spoleto – a fragment of the building leading from the cathedral to the bottom of the city from which we started the walk in the morning.
Gubbio in a straight line is located 50 km north of Spoleto. It is a provincial somewhat sleepy town but full of impressive monuments. It reminds a bit of Polish Sandomierz and maybe that is why it is here where the Italian version of the Polish TV series „Ojciec Mateusz”, or „Don Matteo” is shot 🙂
On Wednesday, there was a market here where residents can get supplies every week in fresh food products.
A characteristic feature of the city is the Palazzo dei Consoli, which is located on the Piazza Grande.
Beautiful, picturesque streets often closed with arched vaults of the gates move us back in time by several hundred years. As usual in Italy ubiquitous motorization reminds us of the times in which we are 🙂
Before us Porta Romana guarding the entrance to the city from the east.
We go towards the vantage point located in the upper part of the town, near Piazza Grande.
From above we look at the picturesque landscape of Umbria stretching to the horizon.
This time it is steeply down. Residents are not have an easy life here.
In the clearance we see a fragment of the Palazzo dei Consoli. We will see him in all its glory.
Piazza Grande in Gubbio with Palazzo dei Consoli in the main role. On the next photo to the right of him another impressive palace adapted to the town hall.
Large burgher houses along Via dei Consoli the main street running through the center of old Gubbio.
The last frame from Italy. Panorama of Gubbio seen from Piazza Grande. Metal spikes are not just a remedy against pigeons. They also do not allow curious tourists to climb a dangerous wall.
At this we finish our 2.5-month adventure in Italy. We are already on a further journey today, but for now we will not reveal where, because for some it may be a big surprise 🙂